Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Motacillidae
BTO Codes: TP, TREPI EURING No: 10090
Number in Britain: 88 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: RED
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: trivialis recorded in Britain (of 3 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 15 cm Wingspan: 26 cm Weight: M/F: 24 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: anthos=a small grassland bird described by Aristotle and L.: trivialis=common
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe to c Asia, WINTERS: south to India & s Africa
Habitat: Open upland woodland
Diet: Mostly insects with some plant material in autumn/winter
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 88 thousand Pairs in 2009
    First Record: 1738 [Fossil evidence from Ipswichian (last) interglacial, c. 125,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Newson, S.E. et al. (2008) Journal of Applied Ecology 45:1330-1338
    Conservation Status: RED because Recent Breeding Population Decline,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: trivialis RED (Recent Decline)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Common in: Scrub, Coniferous Wood
    Also found in: Grass/Heath
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries
Average Day of First Arrival: 6 Apr
European Population Size:
    Summer: 12 to 22 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), NERC (41)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 20 x 15 mm Egg Weight: 2.4 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 39   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 4 - 5 eggs 4.87 ± 0.83 (2 - 6) N = 349
Incubation: 13 days 13.17 ± 0.71 (12 - 14.5) N = 349   by the: Female
Fledging: 13 - 14days 12.58 ± 0.81 (11 - 13.5) N = 956 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 12 May (28 Apr - 16 Jun)
Number of Broods: 1-2(3)
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.420       
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 6 years 7 months 0 days (set in 1938)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 87.6 ± 2.6 Range 83 - 91 mm, N =343
Juvenile: 87.6 ± 2.4 84 - 91 mm, N =371
Male: 88.5 ± 2.0 85 - 92 mm, N =142
Female: 85.4 ± 2.3 82 - 89 mm, N =51
Weight Adult: 21.61 ± 1.63 Range 19.10 - 24.20 g , N =312
Juvenile: 22.07 ± 1.93 19.20 - 25.40 g , N =306
Male: 21.79 ± 1.11 19.90 - 23.60 g , N =129
Female: 21.44 ± 1.34 19.10 - 23.50 g , N =42
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

 
Gaelic: Riabhag-choille Welsh: Corhedydd y Coed
Danish: Skovpiber Dutch: Boompieper
Finnish: Metsäkirvinen French: Pipit des arbres
German: Baumpieper Hungarian: Erdei pityer
Icelandic: Trjátittlingur Irish: Riabhóg Choille
Italian: Prispolone Norwegian: Trepiplerke
Polish: Swiergotek drzewny Portuguese: Petinha-das-árvores
Spanish: Bisbita arbóreo Swedish: Trädpiplärka

For More Information...

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