Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Motacillidae
BTO Codes: MP, MEAPI EURING No: 10110
Number in Britain: 1.9 million Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: AMBER
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant/Resident Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: pratensis (RBW), whistleri (RB) recorded in Britain (of 2 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 24 cm Weight: M/F: 19 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: anthos=a small grassland bird described by Aristotle and L.: pratensis=found in meadows (from prati=a meadow)
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe & w Asia, WINTERS: south to n Africa
Habitat: Open grassland, tundra, dunes
Diet: Mostly insects, some seeds in winter almost always feeds on ground
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 1.9 million Pairs in 2009
    First Record: 1544 [Fossil evidence from Devensian (last) glaciation, 10-120,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Newson, S.E. et al. (2008) Journal of Applied Ecology 45:1330-1338
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Recent Breeding Population Decline,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: pratensis AMBER (Recent Decline), whistleri AMBER (Important Population)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Most frequent in: Bog, Moorland
    Also common in: Grass/Heath, Marsh
    And found in: Coastal Habitat
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
European Population Size:
    Summer: 1 to 14 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack
Results from the Winter Farmland Bird Survey

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 20 x 14 mm Egg Weight: 2.1 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 147   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 4 - 5 eggs 4.28 ± 0.68 (2 - 6) N = 1381
Incubation: 13- 15 days 13.64 ± 1.08 (13 - 15.5) N = 1381   by the: Female
Fledging: 12 - 14days 12.58 ± 1.20 (10 - 14.5) N = 2477 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 7 May (18 Apr - 16 Jun)
Number of Broods: 2
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.543 ± 0.122       
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 3 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 7 years 1 months 30 days (set in 1981)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 81.3 ± 2.9 Range 76 - 86 mm, N =4400
Juvenile: 80.9 ± 2.8 76 - 85 mm, N =27734
Male: 83.2 ± 2.5 78 - 87 mm, N =450
Female: 77.7 ± 2.5 74 - 83 mm, N =226
Weight Adult: 18.91 ± 2.12 Range 16.30 - 22.30 g , N =3801
Juvenile: 18.32 ± 1.41 16.10 - 20.70 g , N =22418
Male: 19.20 ± 1.75 16.90 - 22.30 g , N =404
Female: 18.48 ± 1.99 16.00 - 22.30 g , N =202
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

 
Gaelic: Riabhag-mhonaidh Welsh: Corhedydd y Waun
Danish: Engpiber Dutch: Graspieper
Finnish: Niittykirvinen French: Pipit farlouse
German: Wiesenpieper Hungarian: Réti pityer
Icelandic: Þúfutittlingur Irish: Riabhóg Mhóna
Italian: Pispola Norwegian: Heipiplerke
Polish: Swiergotek lakowy Portuguese: Petinha-dos-prados
Spanish: Bisbita común Swedish: Ängspiplärka
Local Names: Titlark, Hill Sparrow, Mosscheeper

For More Information...

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