Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides   [Scopoli, 1769]

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Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ardeidae
BTO Codes: QH, SQUHE EURING No: 1080
Number in Britain: 1 record/year
Conservation Status:
UK: Not Assessed
European: Declining
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Scarce Visitor
Subspecies: Monotypic
Length: 46 cm Wingspan: 86 cm Weight: M/F: 300 g    
Scientific name from: L.: ardeola=a little heron and from Rallus and L.: -oides=resembling
World Distribution: BREEDS: s Europe, w,e,s Africa, WINTERS: Europe, Africa
Habitat: Swamp, marsh, river and wet grassland
Diet: Mostly fish, amphibians, insects (up to 10cm), mostly crepuscular
Identification Tips:
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Records and Distribution

First Record: Wiltshire, 1775 (Palmer. P 2000. First for Britain & Ireland, Arlequin Press. [502.74 PAL])
Total Number of Records (1950-2007): 32 Summary of Records by Year
Most Likely to Occur in: April to June
Most Recent County Records:
   Scotland: Fife (2005), Outer Hebrides (1913), Orkney (1896),
   North-east England: Northumberland (2004), East Yorkshire (1979), South Yorkshire (1994),
   North-west England: Cumbria (2002), Lancashire (1930),
   English Midlands: Derbyshire (1874), Leicestershire (1971), Nottinghamshire (1998), Shropshire (1834), Staffordshire (2004), Worcestershire (2007),
   Eastern England: Cambridgeshire (2007), Essex (2004), Hertfordshire (1979), Lincolnshire (1999), Norfolk (2001), Suffolk (2007),
   South-east England: Hampshire (1996), Isle of Wight (1858), Kent (2007), Greater London (2007), Oxfordshire (1975), Surrey (1997), East Sussex (2000), West Sussex (1995),
   South-west England: Cornwall (2004), Devon (2005), Dorset (2007), Gloucestershire (1997), Somerset (2006), Wiltshire (1997), Isles of Scilly (2007),
   Wales: Anglesey (1988), Ceredigion (2003), Denbighshire (1828), Glamorgan (2003), Gwent (2003), Radnorshire ,

Information provided by BirdGuides and BBRC

Other Names

Gaelic: Welsh: Crëyr Melyn
Danish: Tophejre Dutch: Ralreiger
Finnish: Rääkkähaikara French: Crabier chevelu
German: Rallenreiher Hungarian: Üstökös gém
Icelandic: Relluhegri Irish: Corr Scréachach
Italian: Sgarza ciuffetto Norwegian: Topphegre
Polish: Czapla modronosa Portuguese: Papa-ratos
Spanish: Garcilla cangrejera Swedish: Rallhäger

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Voisin, C. 1991 The herons of Europe Poyser, London [598.461 VOI]
   Hafner, H. & Didner, E. 1997 BWP Update 1:166-174
   Kushlan, J.A. & Hancock, J. 2005 The Herons Oxford University Press [598.461 KUS]
See Also:
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Wikipedia entry
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BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides