Robin Erithacus rubecula   [Linnaeus, 1758]

Jump to: Other Names Trends & Distribution Breeding & Survival Biometrics Books & Links

For details point at or click the button; for sources point at the button

Order: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae
BTO Codes: R., ROBIN EURING No: 10990
Number in Britain: 6 million Territories (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: GREEN
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant/Resident Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: melophilus (RB), rubecula (W) recorded in Britain (of 9 subsp. in the world)
.
Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 21 cm Weight: M/F: 18 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: erithakos=robin and Diminutive from L.: ruber=red
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe & w Asia, WINTERS: south to n Africa
Habitat: Forest, woodland, towns
Diet: Insects, esp. beetles (inc. larvae), also fruit, seeds in winter
TitBit: The Robin is Britain's unofficial national bird, and can readily be trained, with a bit of patience, to take mealworms from an outstretched hand.  
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos BTO ID Workshop

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 6 million Territories in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Anglo-Saxon times [Fossil evidence from Devensian (last) glaciation, 10-120,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: GREEN
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: melophilus GREEN , rubecula GREEN
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Most frequent in: Deciduous Wood
    Also common in: Scrub, Pasture Farmland, Villages, Towns, Coniferous Wood
    And found in: Arable Farmland
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
European Population Size:
    Summer: 33 to 68 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III),Bonn(II)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack
Results from Garden BirdWatch

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 20 x 15 mm Egg Weight: 2.4 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 412
Clutch Size: 4 - 5 eggs 4.87 ▒ 0.89 (2 - 9) N = 4362
Incubation: 14- 16 days 14.36 ▒ 1.82 (11.5 - 17.5) N = 4361   by the: Female
Fledging: 13 - 16days 14.41 ▒ 2.20 (10.5 - 17.5) N = 5103 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 18 Apr (19 Mar - 10 Jun)
Number of Broods: 2(3)
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.419 ▒ 0.014       
Juvenile Survival: 0.410 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 8 years 4 months 30 days (set in 1977)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 73.9 ▒ 2.1 Range 70 - 77 mm, N =27010
Juvenile: 73.3 ▒ 3.9 70 - 77 mm, N =40553
Male: 75.0 ▒ 1.9 72 - 78 mm, N =3767
Female: 72.7 ▒ 1.8 70 - 76 mm, N =2745
Weight Adult: 18.98 ▒ 2.19 Range 15.50 - 22.80 g , N =22245
Juvenile: 17.72 ▒ 2.52 14.50 - 20.90 g , N =33913
Male: 18.54 ▒ 1.30 16.60 - 20.60 g , N =3117
Female: 19.24 ▒ 2.26 16.40 - 23.60 g , N =2266
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

European Robin
Gaelic: Br¨-dhearg Welsh: Robin Goch
Danish: R°dhals Dutch: Roodborst
Finnish: Punarinta French: Rougegorge
German: Rotkehlchen Hungarian: V÷r÷sbegy
Icelandic: Glˇbrystingur Irish: Spideog
Italian: Pettirosso Norwegian: R°dstrupe
Polish: Rudzik zwyczajny Portuguese: Pisco-de-peito-ruivo
Spanish: Petirrojo Swedish: R÷dhake
Local Names: Redbreast

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Lack, D. 1953 The life of the robin Penguin, London [598.911 LAC]
   Mead, C. 1984 Robins Whittet Books, London [598.911 MEA]
   Read, M. 1992 The robin Blandford Press, London [598.911 REA]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides