Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros   [SG Gmelin, 1774]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae
BTO Codes: BX, BLARE EURING No: 11210
Number in Britain: Fewer than 20 records
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant/Resident Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: gibraltariensis (RBW) recorded in Britain (of 6 subsp. in the world)
Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 24 cm Weight: M/F: 16 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: phoinix=crimson + oura=tail and Gr.: okhros=pale yellow + oura=tai
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe (except n) to c Asia, nw Africa, WINTERS: south to n Africa & s Asia
Habitat: Near cliffs & buildings
Diet: Small invertebrates and fruit
TitBit: Originally a montane species, the species has spread widely through Europe after it learned the habit of nesting on buildings - in Britain it first nested on the original Wembley Empire Exhibition building, it is now widespread, nesting on Coventry Cathedral and the Natural History Museum as well as gasworks and industrial depots.  
Identification Tips:
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Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 30 Pairs in
    Winter: 400 individuals in 1981 - 1984
    Passage: 4 individuals
    First Record: Greater Londondon, 1829 [Fossil evidence from Devensian (last) glaciation, 10-120,000 yr ago]
    First Breeding Record: Sussex 1923
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Recent Breeding Population Decline, Small Breeding Population,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern: gibraltariensis AMBER (Recent Decline)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries
European Population Size:
    Summer: 4 to 8.6 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(I,IV), Bern(III), Bonn(II)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 19 x 14 mm Egg Weight: 2.2 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 4
Clutch Size: 4 - 6 eggs
Incubation: 12- 16 days   by the: Female
Fledging: 12 - 19days as: Altricial, downy
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 2(3)
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: No data
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 4 years 11 months 18 days (set in 1952)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 84.9 ± 2.9 Range 81 - 89 mm, N =302
Juvenile: 84.7 ± 2.5 81 - 89 mm, N =572
Male: 86.9 ± 3.0 83 - 90.75 mm, N =100
Female: 83.9 ± 2.4 80 - 88 mm, N =145
Weight Adult: 16.17 ± 1.44 Range 14.20 - 18.50 g , N =295
Juvenile: 15.53 ± 1.38 13.40 - 17.80 g , N =565
Male: 16.84 ± 1.42 15.00 - 19.50 g , N =95
Female: 15.73 ± 1.34 13.90 - 18.10 g , N =144
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Gaelic: Earr-deargan-dubh Welsh: Tingoch Du
Danish: Husrřdstjert Dutch: Zwarte roodstaart
Finnish: Mustaleppälintu French: Roguequeue noir
German: Hausrotschwanz Hungarian: Házi rozsdafarkú
Icelandic: Húsaskotta Irish: Earrdheargán Dubh
Italian: Codirosso spazzacamino Norwegian: Svartrřdstjert
Polish: Kopciuszek zwyczajny Portuguese: Rabirruivo-preto
Spanish: Colirrojo tizón Swedish: Svart rödstjärt

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