Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae
BTO Codes: RT, REDST EURING No: 11220
Number in Britain: 100 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: AMBER
European: 2 Concern, most in Europe; Declining
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: phoenicurus (BW) recorded in Britain (of 2 subsp. in the world)
.
Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 22 cm Weight: M/F: 15 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: phoinix=crimson + oura=tail
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, n&c Asia, WINTERS: n Africa & Arabia
Habitat: Woodland
Diet: Largely insects, esp. butterfly/beetle larvae, and spiders
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos BTO ID Workshop

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 100 thousand Pairs in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Anglo-Saxon times [Fossil evidence from Devensian (last) glaciation, 10-120,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Newson, S.E. et al. (2008) Journal of Applied Ecology 45:1330-1338
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Species of European Concern,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern: phoenicurus AMBER (European Concern)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Common in: Pasture Farmland, Grass/Heath, Moorland, Deciduous Wood
    Also found in: Coniferous Wood
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
Average Day of First Arrival: 5 Apr
European Population Size:
    Summer: 1.8 to 4 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III),Bonn(II)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 19 x 14 mm Egg Weight: 1.9 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 162
Clutch Size: 6 - 7 eggs 6.27 ± 0.95 (2 - 10) N = 1759
Incubation: 13- 14 days 13.61 ± 1.40 (11 - 16.5) N = 1759   by the: Female
Fledging: 16 - 17days 15.90 ± 1.58 (12.5 - 17.5) N = 2978 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 13 May (2 May - 7 Jun)
Number of Broods: (1)2
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.380       
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 8 years 0 months 8 days (set in 2007)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 77.8 ± 2.7 Range 74 - 82 mm, N =890
Juvenile: 79.3 ± 2.3 76 - 83 mm, N =1481
Male: 78.9 ± 2.5 75 - 83 mm, N =480
Female: 76.4 ± 2.2 73 - 80 mm, N =405
Weight Adult: 14.19 ± 1.29 Range 12.20 - 16.20 g , N =797
Juvenile: 14.27 ± 1.47 12.20 - 16.90 g , N =1327
Male: 14.31 ± 1.26 12.40 - 16.20 g , N =441
Female: 14.04 ± 1.32 12.10 - 16.20 g , N =352
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Common Redstart
Gaelic: Earr-dearg Welsh: Tingoch
Danish: Rųdstjert Dutch: Gekraagde roodstaart
Finnish: Leppälintu French: Rougequeue ą front blanc
German: Gartenrotschwanz Hungarian: Kerti rozsdafarkś
Icelandic: Garšaskotta Irish: Earrdheargįn
Italian: Codirosso Norwegian: Rųdstjert
Polish: Pleszka zwyczajna Portuguese: Rabirruivo-de-testa-branca
Spanish: Colirrojo real Swedish: Rödstjärt

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Buxton, J. 1950 The redstart Collins, London [598.911 BUX]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides