Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae
BTO Codes: RZ, RINOU EURING No: 11860
Number in Britain: 6900 Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: RED
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: torquatus recorded in Britain (of 3 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 24 cm Wingspan: 40 cm Weight: M/F: 110 g    
Scientific name from: L.: turdus=a thrush and L.: torquis=a collar
World Distribution: BREEDS: Locally in Europe & near East, WINTERS: south to n Africa & Middle East
Habitat: Open moorland
Diet: Spring, early summer insects and earthworms, other times mainly fruit
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos BTO ID Workshop

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: No regional trends available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 6900 Pairs in 1999
    First Record: Recorded in Medieval times
    Latest Survey: Wotton, S.R. et al. (2002) Bird Study 49:26-34
    Conservation Status: RED because Recent Breeding Population Decline (1981-2007),
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 RED     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern: torquatus RED (Recent Decline)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
Average Day of First Arrival: 28 Mar
European Population Size:
    Summer: 185 to 570 thousand pairs
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), Bonn(II), NERC (41)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack
Results from Ring Ouzel Study Group

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 30 x 22 mm Egg Weight: 7.4 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 45   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 4 eggs 4.00 ± 0.51 (2 - 6) N = 305
Incubation: 13 days 13.18 ± 0.57 (12.5 - 14.5) N = 305   by the: Male + Female
Fledging: 14 - 14days 13.71 ± 0.57 (12.5 - 14.5) N = 738 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 4 May (19 Apr - 8 Jun)
Number of Broods: 1-2
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.420 ± 0.010    (M:0.470 ± 0.020; F:0.370 ± 0.020)      
Juvenile Survival: 0.360 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 6 years 5 months 23 days (set in 1980)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: C
Wing Length Adult: 143.5 ± 3.6 Range 138 - 150 mm, N =139
Juvenile: 142.9 ± 3.7 137 - 148 mm, N =163
Male: 145.3 ± 3.1 140 - 151 mm, N =75
Female: 141.2 ± 2.8 136 - 146 mm, N =62
Weight Adult: 106.1 ± 11.59 Range 91.00 - 128.0 g , N =127
Juvenile: 104.2 ± 9.84 89.00 - 123.0 g , N =148
Male: 107.0 ± 12.26 90.00 - 129.0 g , N =66
Female: 104.8 ± 10.71 91.00 - 126.0 g , N =59
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

 
Gaelic: Lňn-monaidh Welsh: Mwyalchen y Mynydd
Danish: Ringdrossel Dutch: Beflijster
Finnish: Sepelrastas French: Merle ŕ plastron
German: Ringdrossel Hungarian: Örvös rigó
Icelandic: Mánaţröstur Irish: Lon Creige
Italian: Merlo dal collare Norwegian: Ringtrost
Polish: Drozd obrozny Portuguese: Merlo-de-peito-branco
Spanish: Mirlo capiblanco Swedish: Ringtrast

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Simms, E. 1978 British Thrushes Collins, London [598.911 SIM]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides