Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata   [Pallas, 1764]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Muscicapidae
BTO Codes: SF, SPOFL EURING No: 13350
Number in Britain: 33 thousand Territories (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: RED
European: 3 Concern, most not in Europe; Depleted
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: striata recorded in Britain (of 7 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 24 cm Weight: M/F: 17 g    
Scientific name from: L.: musca=a fly + capere=to seize and L.: stria=a line
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, w&c Asia, WINTERS: Africa
Habitat: Open woodland, gardens
Diet: Mainly flying insects (esp. Diptera and Hymenoptera), hunts from perch
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 33 thousand Territories in 2009
    First Record: 1666 [Fossil evidence from Devensian (last) glaciation, 10-120,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: RED because Recent Breeding Population Decline,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 RED     1996-2001 RED  
   Races of Concern: striata RED (Recent Decline)
UK Biodiversity Action Plan (Lead Partner: RSPB)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Common in: Villages, Deciduous Wood
    Also found in: Pasture Farmland, Coniferous Wood
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
Average Day of First Arrival: 28 Apr
European Population Size:
    Summer: 6 to 10 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), Bonn(II), NERC (41)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 19 x 14 mm Egg Weight: 1.9 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 186
Clutch Size: 4 - 5 eggs 4.26 ± 0.78 (2 - 7) N = 2934
Incubation: 13- 15 days 13.57 ± 1.88 (10.5 - 17.5) N = 2933   by the: Female
Fledging: 13 - 16days 14.70 ± 2.15 (11 - 18) N = 4212 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 6 Jun (21 May - 15 Jul)
Number of Broods: 2
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.493 ± 0.033       
Juvenile Survival: 0.465 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 8 years 0 months 3 days (set in 2012)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 86.4 ± 2.1 Range 83 - 90 mm, N =1789
Juvenile: 86.0 ± 2.5 82 - 90 mm, N =938
Male: 86.6 ± 2.0 84 - 90 mm, N =251
Female: 85.3 ± 1.7 83 - 88 mm, N =181
Weight Adult: 14.47 ± 1.22 Range 12.90 - 16.60 g , N =1650
Juvenile: 14.93 ± 4.86 12.80 - 17.40 g , N =845
Male: 14.04 ± 0.95 12.80 - 15.40 g , N =224
Female: 15.15 ± 1.69 13.20 - 18.40 g , N =158
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

 
Gaelic: Breacan-sgiobalt Welsh: Gwybedog Mannog
Danish: Grå Fluesnapper Dutch: Grauwe vliegenvanger
Finnish: Harmaaiseppo French: Gobemouche gris
German: Grauschnäpper Hungarian: Szürke légykapó
Icelandic: Gragrípur Irish: Cuilire Liath
Italian: Pigliamosche Norwegian: Gråfluesnapper
Polish: Mucholówka szara Portuguese: Taralhão
Spanish: Papamoscas gris Swedish: Grå flugsnappare
Local Names: Beam Bird

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Clarke, J. 2005 The Spotted What!? Plum Tree Publishing, Cowsden, Worcs. [598.917 CLA]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides