Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca   [Pallas, 1764]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Muscicapidae
BTO Codes: PF, PIEFL EURING No: 13490
Number in Britain: 19 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: AMBER
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: hypoleuca, sibirica recorded in Britain (of 4 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 13 cm Wingspan: 22 cm Weight: M/F: 13 g    
Scientific name from: L.: ficedula=a small fig-eating bird described Pliny and others and Gr.: hupo=below + leukos=white
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, nw Asia, WINTERS: tropical Africa
Habitat: Open forest, woodland, towns
Diet: Arthropods, caterpillars (esp. for nestlings), frequently hunts from perch
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: No regional trends available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 19 thousand Pairs in 2009
    First Record: 1676
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Recent Breeding Population Decline (1981-2007),
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: hypoleuca AMBER (Recent Decline)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
Average Day of First Arrival: 19 Apr
European Population Size:
    Summer: 3 to 7 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), Bonn(II)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 17 x 13 mm Egg Weight: 1.7 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 1515
Clutch Size: 6 - 7 eggs 6.56 ± 1.05 (2 - 10) N = 1025
Incubation: 13- 15 days 13.86 ± 1.21 (12 - 16) N = 1025   by the: Female
Fledging: 16 - 17days 15.63 ± 0.98 (13.5 - 16.5) N = 914 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 1(2)
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.470    (M:0.500 ; F:0.450 )      
Juvenile Survival: 0.370 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 9 years 0 months 7 days (set in 2001)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 78.0 ± 1.9 Range 75 - 81 mm, N =2769
Juvenile: 79.8 ± 1.9 77 - 83 mm, N =1933
Male: 79.2 ± 1.7 76 - 82 mm, N =949
Female: 77.4 ± 1.7 75 - 80 mm, N =1788
Weight Adult: 13.09 ± 1.47 Range 11.20 - 15.90 g , N =1846
Juvenile: 12.19 ± 1.33 10.30 - 14.50 g , N =1778
Male: 12.15 ± 0.74 11.00 - 13.40 g , N =734
Female: 13.73 ± 1.50 11.50 - 16.20 g , N =1094
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Eurasian Pied Flycatcher
Gaelic: Breacan-glas Welsh: Gwybedog Brith
Danish: Broget fluesnapper Dutch: Bonte vliegenvanger
Finnish: Kirjosieppo French: Gobemouche noir
German: Trauerschnäpper Hungarian: Kormos légykapó
Icelandic: Flekkugrípur Irish: Cuilire Alabhreac
Italian: Balia nera Norwegian: Svarthvit fluesnapper
Polish: Mucholówka zalobna Portuguese: Papa-moscas-preto
Spanish: Papamoscas cerrojillo Swedish: Svartvit flugsnappare
Local Names: Coldfinch

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Lundberg, A, & Alatalo, R.V. 1992 The pied flycatcher Poyser, London [598.917 LUN]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides