Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Oriolidae
BTO Codes: OL, GOLOR EURING No: 15080
Number in Britain: 3 Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: oriolus recorded in Britain (of 2 subsp. in the world)
Length: 24 cm Wingspan: 46 cm Weight: M/F: 68 g    
Scientific name from: L.: aureolus=golden
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, w Asia, WINTERS: Africa, India
Habitat: Deciduous woodland
Diet: Insects (esp large caterpillars) and berries, mainly in tops of trees
Identification Tips:
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Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 3 Pairs in
    First Record: Recorded in Medieval times
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: RED because Recent Breeding Population Decline (1981-2007),
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern: oriolus RED (Recent Decline)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
European Population Size:
    Summer: 2.4 to 4.1 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(I,IV), Bern(III)
Survey Results:

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 30 x 21 mm Egg Weight: 7.3 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 1
Clutch Size: 3 - 4 eggs
Incubation: 16- 17 days   by the: Female (occ. Male)
Fledging: 16 - 17days as: Altricial, downy
First Clutches Laid: 29 Apr (20 Apr - 20 May)
Number of Broods: 1
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: No data
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 10 years 1 months 1 days (set in 1996)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: C (pulli D)
Wing Length Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data
Weight Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data

Other Names

Eurasian Golden Oriole
Gaelic: Buidheag-Eòrpach Welsh: Euryn
Danish: Pirol Dutch: Wielewaal
Finnish: Kuhankeittäjä French: Loriot d´Europe
German: Pirole Hungarian: Sárgarigó
Icelandic: Laufglói Irish: Óiréal Órga
Italian: Rigogolo Norwegian: Pirol
Polish: Wilga zwyczajna Portuguese: Papa-figos
Spanish: Oropéndola Swedish: Sommargylling

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