Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Corvidae
BTO Codes: NC, NUTCR EURING No: 15570
Number in Britain: 7 records/year
Conservation Status:
UK: Not Assessed
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Accidental
Subspecies: caryocatactes, macrorhyncus recorded in Britain (of 9 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 32 cm Wingspan: 55 cm Weight: M/F: 160 g    
Scientific name from: L.: nucis=a nut + frangere=to shatter and Gr.: karuon=a nut + kataseio=to shatter
World Distribution: Mountains & high latitudes in Europe, Asia
Habitat: Coniferous & mixed woodland
Diet: Usually seeds, nuts, insects (esp wasp/bee larvae), during irruptions omnivorous
TitBit: 1968 saw a unique event: for the first (and so far only) time, over 300 Nutcrackers visited Britain as part of a larger irruption into western Europe, probably because of a spell of early cold weather in Siberia, where they normally live.  
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Records and Distribution

First Record: Flintshire, 1753 (Palmer. P 2000. First for Britain & Ireland, Arlequin Press. [502.74 PAL])
Total Number of Records (1950-2007): 366 Summary of Records by Year
Most Likely to Occur in: August to November
Most Recent County Records:
   Scotland: Highland (1868), Orkney (1868), Shetland (1968),
   North-east England: East Yorkshire (1968), North Yorkshire (1969), South Yorkshire (1953), West Yorkshire (1969),
   North-west England: Cheshire (1969), Cumbria (1979), Lancashire (1968),
   English Midlands: Leicestershire (1968), Northamptonshire (1968), Shropshire (1968), Staffordshire (1991),
   Eastern England: Cambridgeshire (1987), Essex (1968), Hertfordshire (1968), Lincolnshire (1976), Norfolk (1979), Suffolk (1985),
   South-east England: Berkshire (1968), Buckinghamshire (1968), Hampshire (1996), Isle of Wight (1969), Kent (1998), Greater London (1968), Surrey (1975), East Sussex (1970), West Sussex (1968),
   South-west England: Cornwall (1968), Devon (1969), Dorset (1968), Gloucestershire (1963), Somerset (1968), Wiltshire (1968), Isles of Scilly (1968),
   Wales: Carmarthen (1968), Caernarfonshire (1968), Flintshire (1753), Gower (1968), Gwent (1968),

Information provided by BirdGuides and BBRC

Other Names

Spotted Nutcracker
Gaelic: Welsh: Malwr Cnau
Danish: Nøddekrige Dutch: Notenkraker
Finnish: Pähkinähakki French: Cassenoix moucheté
German: Tannenhäher Hungarian: Fenyoszajkó
Icelandic: Hnotbrjótur Irish:
Italian: Nocciolaia Norwegian: Nøttekråke
Polish: Orzechówka zwyczajna Portuguese: Quebra-nozes
Spanish: Casanueces Swedish: Nötkråka

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