Raven Corvus corax   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Corvidae
BTO Codes: RN, RAVEN EURING No: 15720
Number in Britain: 7000 Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Resident Breeder
Subspecies: corax recorded in Britain (of 11 subsp. in the world)
Length: 64 cm Wingspan: 135 cm Weight: M: 1.3 kg   F: 1.1 kg    
Scientific name from: L.: corvus=the raven and Gr.: korax=the raven
World Distribution: Europe, Asia, North America
Habitat: Almost everywhere
Diet: Opportunistically on plant and animal food
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos BTO ID Workshop

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 7000 Pairs in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Anglo-Saxon times [Fossil evidence from Wolstonian (penultimate) glaciation, c. 150,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: GREEN
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: corax GREEN
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Common in: Moorland
    Also found in: Coastal Habitat, Bog
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
European Population Size:
    Summer: 250 to 470 thousand pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 49 x 34 mm Egg Weight: 28.8 g (of which 7 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 148   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 4 - 6 eggs 4.67 ± 1.32 (2 - 7) N = 413
Incubation: 21- 22 days 21.21 ± 1.26 (19 - 23.5) N = 413   by the: Female
Fledging: 39 - 41days 39.90 ± 2.40 (34 - 44.5) N = 1681 as: Altricial, downy
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 5 Mar (20 Feb - 6 Apr)
Number of Broods: 1
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: No data
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 3 years Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 17 years 11 months 15 days (set in 2000)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: H
Wing Length Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data
Weight Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data

Other Names

Common / Northern Raven
Gaelic: Fitheach Welsh: Cigfran
Danish: Ravn Dutch: Raaf
Finnish: Korppi French: Grand Corbeau
German: Kolkrabe Hungarian: Holló
Icelandic: Hrafn Irish: Fiach Dubh
Italian: Corvo imperiale Norwegian: Ravn
Polish: Kruk zwyczajny Portuguese: Corvo
Spanish: Cuervo Swedish: Korp
Collective Noun:Unkindness

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Ratcliffe, D. 1997 The raven: a natural history in Britain and Ireland Poyser, London [598.96 RAT]
   Heinrich, B. 1989 Ravens in winter Summit Books, New York
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides
All About Birds (from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology)