Brambling Fringilla montifringilla   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Fringillidae
BTO Codes: BL, BRAMB EURING No: 16380
Number in Britain: 285 thousand birds (Winter)
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Scarce Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: Monotypic
Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 26 cm Weight: M/F: 24 g    
Scientific name from: L.: fringilla from Gr.: phrugilos=a sparrow described by Aristophanes and L.: mons=mountain + -fringilla=a finch
World Distribution: BREEDS: n Eurasia, WINTERS: south to s Europe, c Asia
Habitat: Open birch-conifer woodland
Diet: Seeds, berries, in summer invertebrates esp caterpillars and beetles
TitBit: In winter this bird forms vast flocks where its food, seeds of Beech trees, is particularly abundant; some large roosts have been estimated to contain over ten million birds.  
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Winter: 285 thousand individuals in 1981 - 1984
    First Record: 1544
    First Breeding Record: Sutherland 1920
    Conservation Status: GREEN
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern:
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
European Population Size:
    Summer: 3 to 7 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(III), Bern(III)
Survey Results: Results from Garden BirdWatch
Results from the Winter Farmland Bird Survey

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 19 x 15 mm Egg Weight: 2.1 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 0
Clutch Size: 5 - 7 eggs
Incubation: 11- 12 days   by the: Female
Fledging: 13 - 14days as: Altricial, downy
First Clutches Laid: Does not breed in Britain, or too few Nest Records
Number of Broods: 1(2)
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: No data
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 8 years 7 months 16 days (set in 1983)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 90.8 ▒ 3.3 Range 85 - 96 mm, N =10690
Juvenile: 90.2 ▒ 3.2 85 - 95 mm, N =3090
Male: 92.8 ▒ 2.2 89 - 96 mm, N =6519
Female: 87.6 ▒ 2.1 84 - 91 mm, N =4159
Weight Adult: 24.48 ▒ 2.25 Range 21.10 - 28.50 g , N =9751
Juvenile: 23.34 ▒ 2.44 19.50 - 27.50 g , N =2814
Male: 25.14 ▒ 2.13 22.00 - 29.00 g , N =5945
Female: 23.46 ▒ 2.03 20.50 - 27.00 g , N =3794
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Gaelic: Breacan-caorainn Welsh: Pinc y Mynydd
Danish: KvŠkerfinke Dutch: Keep
Finnish: Jńrripeippo French: Pinson du nord
German: Bergfink Hungarian: Fenyopinty
Icelandic: Fjallafinka Irish: Breacßn
Italian: Peppola Norwegian: Bj°rkefink
Polish: Jer Portuguese: TentilhŃo-montez
Spanish: Pinzˇn real Swedish: Bergfink
Local Names: Mountain/Bramble Finch

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Newton, I. 1972 The finches Collins, London [598.982 NEW]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides