Greenfinch Chloris chloris   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Carduelidae
BTO Codes: GR, GREFI EURING No: 16490
Number in Britain: 1.7 million Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: GREEN
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Resident Breeder, Winter Visitor
Subspecies: chloris recorded in Britain (of 10 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 15 cm Wingspan: 26 cm Weight: M/F: 28 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: khloris=the greenfinch (from khloros=green)
World Distribution: Europe, Near East, n Africa
Habitat: Open woodland, farmland, gardens
Diet: Large seeds incl. rose-hips, cereal grain, some invertebrates, esp for nestlings
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 1.7 million Pairs in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Medieval times [Fossil evidence from Devensian (last) glaciation, 10-120,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Newson, S.E. et al. (2008) Journal of Applied Ecology 45:1330-1338
    Conservation Status: GREEN
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: chloris GREEN
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Most frequent in: Villages
    Also common in: Towns
    And found in: Arable Farmland, Pasture Farmland
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
European Population Size:
    Summer: 13 to 30 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(III), Bern(III)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack
Results from Garden BirdWatch
Results from the Winter Farmland Bird Survey

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 20 x 15 mm Egg Weight: 2.2 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 190
Clutch Size: 4 - 5 eggs 4.72 ± 0.74 (2 - 7) N = 3438
Incubation: 14- 15 days 13.70 ± 1.42 (11 - 16.5) N = 3437   by the: Female
Fledging: 14 - 16days 14.92 ± 2.12 (11 - 18.5) N = 3724 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 10 May (5 Apr - 5 Jul)
Number of Broods: 2
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.443 ± 0.006    (M:0.468 ± 0.015; F:0.472 ± 0.019)      
Juvenile Survival: 0.416 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 12 years 8 months 26 days (set in 2010)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: B
Wing Length Adult: 87.7 ± 4.2 Range 84 - 91 mm, N =118743
Juvenile: 87.5 ± 2.2 84 - 91 mm, N =72205
Male: 88.8 ± 4.1 86 - 92 mm, N =65831
Female: 86.3 ± 4.0 83 - 89 mm, N =52565
Weight Adult: 27.66 ± 4.06 Range 24.70 - 30.90 g , N =96718
Juvenile: 27.73 ± 2.87 25.00 - 30.70 g , N =55415
Male: 27.53 ± 3.63 24.60 - 30.60 g , N =53386
Female: 27.82 ± 4.54 24.90 - 31.10 g , N =43027
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

European Greenfinch
Previously Carduelis chloris 
Gaelic: Glaisean-daraich Welsh: Llinos Werdd
Danish: Grřnirisk Dutch: Groenling
Finnish: Viherpeippo French: Verdier
German: Grünling Hungarian: Zöldike
Icelandic: Grćnfinka Irish: Glasán Darach
Italian: Verdone Norwegian: Grřnnfink
Polish: Dzwoniec Portuguese: Verdilhăo-comum
Spanish: Verderón Swedish: Grönfink
Local Names: Green Grosbeak/Linnet

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Newton, I. 1972 The finches Collins, London [598.982 NEW]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides