Lesser Redpoll Acanthis cabaret   [Statius Müller, 1776]

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Order: Passeriformes Family: Carduelidae
BTO Codes: LR, LESRE EURING No: 16634
Number in Britain: 190 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: RED
European: Not evaluated
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant/Resident Breeder
Subspecies: Monotypic
.
Length: 12 cm Wingspan: 22 cm Weight: M/F: 11 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: akanthis=an unidentified small bird (poss. A finch) mentioned by Aristotle and Old Dutch: cambret=entertainment offered at a restaurant
World Distribution: Britain & c Europe
Habitat: Woodland, birch/willow scrub
Diet: Very small seeds, esp birch, invertebrates in summer, forages mostly in trees
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 190 thousand Pairs in 2009
    First Record: 1678
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: RED because Recent Breeding Population Decline,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern:
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Most frequent in: Coniferous Wood
    And found in: Scrub
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
European Population Size:
    Summer: Unavailable
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), NERC (41)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack
Results from the Winter Farmland Bird Survey

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 17 x 13 mm Egg Weight: 1.4 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 8
Clutch Size: 4 - 5 eggs 4.49 ± 0.83 (2 - 7) N = 203
Incubation: 12- 12 days 11.64 ± 1.05 (10 - 13.5) N = 203   by the: Female
Fledging: 14 - 15days 14.11 ± 1.19 (12 - 16.5) N = 227 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 29 May (9 May - 14 Jul)
Number of Broods: 2
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.425    (M:0.410 ± 0.011; F:0.440 ± 0.014)      
Juvenile Survival: 0.431 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 6 years 0 months 26 days (set in 1997)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: A
Wing Length Adult: 70.4 ± 1.9 Range 67 - 74 mm, N =2411
Juvenile: 70.3 ± 1.9 67 - 73 mm, N =3565
Male: 71.4 ± 1.7 69 - 74 mm, N =986
Female: 69.7 ± 1.7 67 - 73 mm, N =699
Weight Adult: 10.99 ± 0.81 Range 9.80 - 12.40 g , N =2030
Juvenile: 10.84 ± 0.73 9.80 - 12.10 g , N =2430
Male: 11.21 ± 0.80 10.00 - 12.50 g , N =813
Female: 10.88 ± 0.80 9.60 - 12.20 g , N =541
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Common Redpoll
Split from Acanthis flammea, Previously Carduelis cabaret
Gaelic: Dearcan-seilich Welsh: Llinos Bengoch
Danish: Stor Gråsisken Dutch: Kleine barmsijs
Finnish: French: Sizerin alpin
German: Alpenbirkenzeisig Hungarian:
Icelandic: Irish: Deargéadan
Italian: Organetto minore Norwegian:
Polish: Czeczotka brazowa Portuguese:
Spanish: Swedish: Gråsiska

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Newton, I. 1972 The finches Collins, London [598.982 NEW]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides