Teal Anas crecca   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae
BTO Codes: T., TEAL. EURING No: 1840
Number in Britain: 2100 Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Resident Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: crecca recorded in Britain (of 2 subsp. in the world)
Length: 36 cm Wingspan: 61 cm Weight: M/F: 330 g    
Scientific name from: L.: anas=a duck and Swedish: kricka=the teal
World Distribution: BREEDS: n&c Eurasia, WINTERS: south to c Africa & s Asia
Habitat: Lakes, marshes, ponds & shallow streams
Diet: Omnivorous, mostly seeds in winter, feeds mostly at night in shallow water
TitBit: Collectively known as a 'spring' on account of the way they suddenly take-off almost vertically, the Teal is unusual amongst birds in not having been known by any other name.  
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 2100 Pairs in
    Winter: 210 thousand individuals in 2004/05 - 2008/09
    First Record: Recorded in Medieval times [Fossil evidence from Middle Pleistocene, c. 500,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Gibbons, D.W., Reid, J.B. & Chapman, R.A. (1993) The atlas of breeding birds in in Britain and Ireland: 1988-1991 T & AD Poyser
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Important Non-breeding Population
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern: crecca AMBER (Important Population)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
European Population Size:
    Summer: 255 to 540 thousand pairs
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(II,III), WBD(II*,III*), Bern(III), Bonn(II), AEWA
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 45 x 33 mm Egg Weight: 26.5 g (of which 7 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 2
Clutch Size: 8 - 11 eggs
Incubation: 21- 23 days   by the: Female
Fledging: 25 - 30days as: Precocial, downy
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 1
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.530    (M:0.550 ± 0.022; F:0.510 ± 0.057)      
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 3 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 18 years 0 months 20 days (set in 1988)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: E*
Wing Length Adult: 187.2 ± 7.5 Range 177 - 196 mm, N =5504
Juvenile: 186.4 ± 5.7 177 - 195 mm, N =7902
Male: 190.5 ± 7.2 183 - 197 mm, N =3314
Female: 182.2 ± 4.5 175 - 190 mm, N =2170
Weight Adult: 323.0 ± 60.64 Range 260.0 - 395.0 g , N =5181
Juvenile: 296.0 ± 34.75 245.0 - 355.0 g , N =7715
Male: 336.2 ± 41.36 275.0 - 400.0 g , N =3121
Female: 302.8 ± 77.57 245.0 - 360.0 g , N =2048
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Eurasian Teal
Has Included Anas carolinensis
Gaelic: Lach-bheag Welsh: Corhwyaden
Danish: Krikand Dutch: Wintertaling
Finnish: Tavi French: Sarcelle d´hiver
German: Krickente Hungarian: Csörgo réce
Icelandic: Urtönd Irish: Praslacha
Italian: Alzavola Norwegian: Krikkand
Polish: Cyraneczka zwyczajna Portuguese: Marrequinho-comum
Spanish: Cerceta común Swedish: Kricka
Collective Noun:Spring

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Kear, J 2005 Ducks, geese and swans Oxford University Press [598.48 KEA]
   Cabot, D. 2009 Wildfowl Collins, London
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides