Buzzard Buteo buteo   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Accipitriformes Family: Accipitridae
BTO Codes: BZ, BUZZA EURING No: 2870
Number in Britain: 67 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Resident Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: buteo recorded in Britain (of 11 subsp. in the world)
Length: 54 cm Wingspan: 120 cm Weight: M: 780 g   F: 1000 g    
Scientific name from: L.: buteo=the buzzard
World Distribution: BREEDS: Eurasia, WINTERS: south to s Asia & s Africa
Habitat: Wood, moor, heath and farmland
Diet: Mostly small mammals, also birds, reptiles, large insects, earthworms
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos BTO ID Workshop

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Scotland   Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: No distribution maps available
British Population Size:
    Summer: 67 thousand Pairs in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Medieval times [Fossil evidence from Middle Pleistocene, c. 500,000 yr ago]
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: GREEN
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: buteo GREEN
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Common in: Scrub, Pasture Farmland, Deciduous Wood, Coniferous Wood
    Also found in: Moorland
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
European Population Size:
    Summer: 510 to 700 thousand pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), Bonn(II), CITES(II)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 55 x 44 mm Egg Weight: 60.0 g (of which 8 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 201
Clutch Size: 2 - 3 eggs 2.39 ± 0.83 (1 - 6) N = 1049
Incubation: 34- 34 days 34.63 ± 2.05 (31.5 - 38.5) N = 1048   by the: Female (occ. Male)
Fledging: 44 - 52days 49.10 ± 5.90 (39 - 57.5) N = 2608 as: Altricial, downy
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 1
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.900       
Juvenile Survival: 0.630 (to age 3 )  
Age at First Breeding: 3 years Typical Lifespan: 12 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 25 years 6 months 26 days (set in 2009)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: G (pulli G or H)
Wing Length Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data
Weight Adult: 828.2 ± 188.9 Range 620.0 - 1227 g , N =20
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data

Other Names

Common Buzzard
Gaelic: Clamhan Welsh: Bwncath
Danish: Musvĺge Dutch: Buizerd
Finnish: Hiirihaukka French: Buse variable
German: Mäusebussard Hungarian: Egerészölyv
Icelandic: Músvákur Irish: Clamhán
Italian: Poiana Norwegian: Musvĺk
Polish: Myszolów Portuguese: Águia-d'asa-redonda
Spanish: Ratonero común Swedish: Ormvrĺk
Local Names: Puttock

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Tubbs, C. 1974 The buzzard David & Charles, Newton Abbot [598.521 TUB]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides