Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius   [Scopoli, 1786]

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Order: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae
BTO Codes: LP, LIRPL EURING No: 4690
Number in Britain: 1200 Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
European: Not a species of concern
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: curonicus recorded in Britain (of 3 subsp. in the world)
Length: 14 cm Wingspan: 45 cm Weight: M/F: 40 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: kharadra=a ravine and L.: dubius=uncertain
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, n Africa, Asia, WINTERS: c Africa, n Australia
Habitat: Sandy or rocky lakeshores, on migration mudflats
Diet: Insects, also spiders and other invertebrates, just below surface of wet ground
TitBit: Before the 1930s the Little Ringed Plover was a rare vagrant to Britain, but its liking for breeding in gravel pits and on the shores of man-made reservoirs has lead to a remarkable spread in abundance.  
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 1200 Pairs in 2007
    First Record: Sussex, pre-1835
    First Breeding Record: Hertfordshire 1938
    Latest Survey: Conway, G.J. et al. (2008) UK population estimates from the 2007 breeding little ringed and ringed plover surveys BTO, Thetford
    Conservation Status: GREEN
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern: curonicus GREEN
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries
European Population Size:
    Summer: 70 to 115 thousand pairs
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(I), Bern(III), Bonn(II), AEWA
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 30 x 22 mm Egg Weight: 6.6 g (of which . % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 77
Clutch Size: 4 eggs
Incubation: 24- 25 days   by the: Male + Female
Fledging: 25 - 27days as: Precocial, downy
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 1/2
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.550       
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 2 years Typical Lifespan: 4 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 6 years 8 months 14 days (set in 1984)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: B2
Wing Length Adult: 119.4 ± 3.1 Range 114 - 124 mm, N =63
Juvenile: 115.6 ± 5.0 106 - 121 mm, N =32
Male: 119.6 ± 3.5 113 - 124 mm, N =23
Female: 119.1 ± 2.9 114 - 123 mm, N =32
Weight Adult: 37.52 ± 2.51 Range 34.00 - 42.60 g , N =58
Juvenile: 36.51 ± 5.07 30.10 - 47.20 g , N =30
Male: 36.99 ± 2.07 34.00 - 40.40 g , N =21
Female: 37.74 ± 2.57 34.60 - 42.60 g , N =31
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Little Plover
Gaelic: Trìlleachan-tràghad-beag Welsh: Cwtiad Torchog Bach
Danish: Lille præstekrave Dutch: Kleine plevier
Finnish: Pikkutylli French: Petit Gravelot
German: Flußregenpfeifer Hungarian: Kis lile
Icelandic: Vatnalóa Irish: Feadóigín Chladaigh
Italian: Corriere piccolo Norwegian: Dverglo
Polish: Sieweczka rzeczna Portuguese: Borrelho-pequeno-de-coleira
Spanish: Chorlitejo chico Swedish: Mindre strandpipare

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Allsop, K. 1949 Adventure lit their star Latimer House, London
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
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BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides