Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae
BTO Codes: OD, WOOSA EURING No: 5540
Number in Britain: Unavailable
Conservation Status:
European: 3 Concern, most not in Europe; Depleted
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: Monotypic
Length: 20 cm Wingspan: 56 cm Weight: M/F: 65 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: trungas=a waterbird mentioned by Aristotle and L.: glarea=gravel
World Distribution: BREEDS: n Eurasia, Alaska, WINTERS: s Europe, s Asia, Africa & Australia
Habitat: Taiga nr water, on migration lakes, rivers & wet grass
Diet: Mostly invertebrates, especially insects
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos BTO ID Workshop

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: No distribution maps available
British Population Size:
    Passage: . individuals
    Summer: 20 to . Pairs in 2007
    First Record: 1784
    First Breeding Record: Sutherland 1959
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. ((2013)) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Species of European Concern, Small Breeding Population, Small Non-breeding Population,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern:
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
European Population Size:
    Summer: 275 to 450 thousand pairs
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(I), WBD(I), Bern(III), Bonn(II), AEWA
Survey Results:

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 38 x 26 mm Egg Weight: 13.5 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 0
Clutch Size: 4 eggs
Incubation: 22- 23 days   by the: Female (occ. Male)
Fledging: 29 - 31days as: Precocial, downy
First Clutches Laid: Does not breed in Britain, or too few Nest Records
Number of Broods: 1
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.536 ± 0.102       
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 7 years 11 months 18 days (set in 1982)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: B+
Wing Length Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data
Weight Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data

Other Names

Gaelic: Luatharan-coille Welsh: Pibydd y Graean
Danish: Tinksmed Dutch: Bosruiter
Finnish: Liro French: Chevalier sylvain
German: Bruchwasserläufer Hungarian: Réti cankó
Icelandic: Flóastelkur Irish: Gobadán Coille
Italian: Piro piro boschereccio Norwegian: Grřnnstilk
Polish: Leczak Portuguese: Maçarico-bastardo
Spanish: Andarríos bastardo Swedish: Grönbena

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Nethersole-Thompson, D. & M. 1986 Waders, their breeding, haunts and watchers Poyser, London [598.6 NET]
See Also:
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BirdLife species page
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