Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos   [Linnaeus, 1758]

Jump to: Other Names Trends & Distribution Breeding & Survival Biometrics Books & Links

For details point at or click the button; for sources point at the button

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae
BTO Codes: CS, COMSA EURING No: 5560
Number in Britain: 15 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
European: 3 Concern, most not in Europe; Declining
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage/Winter Visitor
Subspecies: Monotypic
Length: 20 cm Wingspan: 40 cm Weight: M/F: 50 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: aktites=coast dweller and Gr.: hupo=below + leukos=white
World Distribution: BREEDS: n&c Europe, n&c Asia, WINTERS: south to Africa, s Asia & Australia
Habitat: Rivers & lakes, on migration marsh & seacoast
Diet: Invertebrates, especially insects, located visually, mostly from surface
TitBit: A common bird on upland rivers during summer, it is easily identified by its habit of bobbing up and down, and its rapid, stiff-winged flight low over the water.  
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: No regional trends available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 15 thousand Pairs in 2009
    Winter: 73 individuals in 2004/05 - 2008/09
    Passage: 100 individuals
    First Record: 1544
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Species of European Concern, Recent Breeding Population Decline (1981-2007),
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 GREEN     1996-2001 GREEN  
   Races of Concern:
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries  and summary map from Time to Fly (in pop-up windows)
Average Day of First Arrival: 15 Apr
European Population Size:
    Summer: 370 to 700 thousand pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III), Bonn(II), AEWA
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 36 x 26 mm Egg Weight: 12.5 g (of which 5 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 30   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 4 eggs 3.85 ▒ 0.45 (2 - 5) N = 413
Incubation: 21- 22 days   by the: Male + Female
Fledging: 26 - 28days as: Precocial, downy
First Clutches Laid: 19 May (5 May - 6 Jun)
Number of Broods: 1
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.844 ▒ 0.062    (M:0.720 ; F:0.670 )      
Juvenile Survival: 0.570 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 2 years Typical Lifespan: 8 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 14 years 0 months 11 days (set in 2006)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: B+
Wing Length Sexually dimorphic (female much larger than male)
Male: 110.8 ▒ 3.1 106 - 115 mm, N =33
Female: 115.2 ▒ 3.0 111 - 120 mm, N =41
Weight Sexually dimorphic (female much larger than male)
Male: 49.79 ▒ 5.89 41.50 - 58.50 g , N =31
Female: 62.78 ▒ 9.71 49.50 - 80.50 g , N =36
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Gaelic: Fýdhleir-b˛rd-an-locha Welsh: Pibydd y Dorlan
Danish: Mudderklire Dutch: Oeverloper
Finnish: Rantasipi French: Chevalier guignette
German: Flu▀uferlńufer Hungarian: Billegeto cankˇ
Icelandic: Lindastelkur Irish: Gobadßn Coiteann
Italian: Piro piro piccolo Norwegian: Strandsnipe
Polish: Brodziec piskliwy Portuguese: Mašarico-das-rochas
Spanish: AndarrÝos chico Swedish: Drillsnńppa
Local Names: Sand Lark

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Nethersole-Thompson, D. & M. 1986 Waders, their breeding, haunts and watchers Poyser, London [598.6 NET]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides