Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur   [Linnaeus, 1758]

Jump to: Other Names Trends & Distribution Breeding & Survival Biometrics Books & Links

For details point at or click the button; for sources point at the button

Order: Columbiformes Family: Columbidae
BTO Codes: TD, TURDO EURING No: 6870
Number in Britain: 14 thousand Territories (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: RED
European: 3 Concern, most not in Europe; Declining
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Migrant Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: turtur recorded in Britain (of 4 subsp. in the world)
.
Length: 27 cm Wingspan: 50 cm Weight: M/F: 140 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: streptos=a collar + peleia=a dove and L.: turtur=the Turtle Dove
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, c Asia, n Africa, WINTERS: south to c Africa
Habitat: Open woodland, scrub, gardens
Diet: Seeds of cereal and weeds
TitBit: The only migratory dove in Europe, Turtle Doves winter in west Africa gathering in massive roosts of up to 1 million birds; they are remarkably tolerant of heat, having been observed foraging in temperatures of 45°C.  
Identification Tips:
  Images from IBC or search flickr
  Videos from IBC
  Sound from xeno-canto
Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 14 thousand Territories in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Medieval times
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status: RED because Recent Breeding Population Decline,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 RED     1996-2001 RED  
   Races of Concern: turtur RED (Recent Decline)
UK Biodiversity Action Plan (Lead Partner: RSPB & EN)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
Migration routes: Map of foreign ringing recoveries
Average Day of First Arrival: 20 Apr
European Population Size:
    Summer: 2.5 to 4.7 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WBD(II*), Bern(III), Bonn(II*), NERC (41)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 30 x 22 mm Egg Weight: 8.2 g (of which 6 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 21   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 2 eggs 1.96 ± 0.24 (1 - 3) N = 474
Incubation: 15- 16 days 14.99 ± 0.99 (13 - 16.5) N = 473   by the: Male + Female
Fledging: 18 - 19days 18.28 ± 1.63 (15 - 21) N = 573 as: Altricial, downy
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: 12 Jun (15 May - 27 Jul)
Number of Broods: 2-3
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.500       
Juvenile Survival: 0.360 (in First-Year)  
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: 2 years
Maximum Recorded Age: 11 years 2 months 15 days (set in 1974)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: E
Wing Length Adult: 178.9 ± 5.2 Range 171 - 187 mm, N =307
Juvenile: 168.0 ± 11.0 143 - 180 mm, N =60
Male: 180.2 ± 4.4 173 - 187 mm, N =149
Female: 175.9 ± 4.6 170 - 184 mm, N =87
Weight Adult: 156.8 ± 15.33 Range 133.2 - 181.0 g , N =232
Juvenile: 140.1 ± 24.86 105.0 - 177.0 g , N =55
Male: 157.0 ± 14.19 135.0 - 181.0 g , N =94
Female: 155.1 ± 15.08 129.0 - 178.0 g , N =70
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

European Turtle Dove
Gaelic: Turtar Welsh: Turtur
Danish: Turteldue Dutch: Tortel
Finnish: Turturikyyhky French: Tourterelle des bois
German: Turteltaube Hungarian: Vadgerle
Icelandic: Turtildúfa Irish: Fearán
Italian: Tortora Norwegian: Turteldue
Polish: Turkawka zwyczajna Portuguese: Rola-comum
Spanish: Tórtola común Swedish: Turturduva

For More Information...

Books and Monographs:
   Goodwin, D. 1983 Pigeons and doves of the world (3rd ed) Cornell University Press, Ithaca [598.623 GOO]
See Also:
Find scientific papers on Google Scholar or Scirus by clicking the icon
Wikipedia entry
HBW account (subscription required)
BirdLife species page
Recent sightings and information from BirdGuides