Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri   [Scopoli, 1769]

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Order: Psittaciformes Family: Psittacidae
BTO Codes: RI, RINPA EURING No: 7120
Number in Britain: 8600 Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: Not Assessed
European: Not evaluated
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (C1)  Introduced Breeder
Subspecies: borealis or manilensis recorded in Britain (of 4 subsp. in the world)
Length: 40 cm Wingspan: 45 cm Weight: M: 130 g   F: 110 g    
Scientific name from: Diminutive of Psittacus and after W.H. Kramer (d. 1765) Austrian naturalist and author
World Distribution: Sub-Saharan Africa, s Asia, INTRODUCED: Britain, n Africa, se US
Habitat: Open woodland, savanna, farmland
Diet: Seeds, fruit, flowers; in Britain more omnivorous, also coming to bird tables
TitBit: A serious agricultural pest in Africa and southern Asia, its colonisation has been aided by warm winters and abundant bird-table food; British birds are now the most northerly breeding parrot populations in the world.  
Identification Tips:
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Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Summer: 8600 Pairs in 2012
    First Record: Kent, 1969
    First Breeding Record: Introduced Surrey 1971
    Latest Survey: Musgrove, A. et al. (2013) British Birds 106:64-100
    Conservation Status:
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 Not Assessed     1996-2001 Not Assessed  
   Races of Concern:
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
European Population Size:
    Summer: Unavailable
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(IX)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack
Results from Project Parakeet

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 29 x 24 mm Egg Weight: 9.1 g (of which 7 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 4
Clutch Size: 3 - 4 eggs
Incubation: 22- 24 days   by the: Female
Fledging: 40 - 50days as: Altricial, naked
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 1?
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: No data
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 7 years 7 months 1 days (set in 2003)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: E*
Wing Length Adult: 174.6 ± 5.5 Range 167 - 185 mm, N =99
Juvenile: 170.5 ± 4.5 163 - 178 mm, N =34
Male: 178.4 ± 3.9 173 - 185 mm, N =48
Female: 170.4 ± 4.2 165 - 181 mm, N =37
Weight Adult: 142.4 ± 9.31 Range 125.0 - 160.0 g , N =99
Juvenile: 140.2 ± 9.83 127.0 - 155.0 g , N =33
Male: 144.4 ± 9.06 125.0 - 160.0 g , N =48
Female: 138.6 ± 8.34 123.0 - 154.0 g , N =37
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

Rose-ringed Parakeet
Gaelic: Welsh: Paracit torchog
Danish: Alexanderparakit Dutch: Halsbandparkiet
Finnish: Aleksanterinkaija French: Perruche à collier
German: Halsbandsittich Hungarian: Kis sándor-papagáj
Icelandic: Grænpáfi Irish:
Italian: Parrocchetto dal collare Norwegian: Halsbåndparakitt
Polish: Aleksandretta obrozna Portuguese:
Spanish: Cotorrita de Kramer Swedish: Halsbandparakit

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