Hoopoe Upupa epops   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Bucerotiformes Family: Upupidae
BTO Codes: HP, HOOPO EURING No: 8460
Number in Britain: 116 records/year
Conservation Status:
UK: Not Assessed
European: 3 Concern, most not in Europe; Declining
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Scarce Breeder, Passage Visitor
Subspecies: epops recorded in Britain (of 8 subsp. in the world)
Length: 27 cm Wingspan: 44 cm Weight: M/F: 68 g    
Scientific name from: L.: upupa=the Hoopoe and Gr.: epops=the hoopoe
World Distribution: BREEDS: Europe, nw Africa, Middle East & c Asia, WINTERS: tropical Africa, s Asia
Habitat: Savanna, steppe, open woodland
Diet: Large insects, their larvae and pupae, feeds mostly on ground
TitBit: The hoopoe appears in many traditional writings, often being described as a seer or messenger of wisdom (for instance bringing wisdom to Solomon in his courting of Sheba), though Leviticus counts his flesh unclean and unfit for consumption.  
Identification Tips:
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Population and Distribution

Population Trend: No population trend available
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore   
British Population Size:
    Passage: 116 individuals
    First Record: Greater London, 1666
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    No habitat data from BBS
European Population Size:
    Summer: 830 thousand to 1.5 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: WCA(I), Bern(III)
Survey Results:

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 26 x 18 mm Egg Weight: 4.4 g (of which 8 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 0
Clutch Size: 7 - 8 eggs
Incubation: 15- 16 days   by the: Female
Fledging: 26 - 29days as: Altricial, downy
First Clutches Laid: Does not breed in Britain, or too few Nest Records
Number of Broods: 1(2)
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: 0.380       
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: Too few birds ringed
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries


Ring Size: C
Wing Length Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data
Weight Adult: Insufficient Data
Juvenile: Insufficient Data
Male: Insufficient Data
Female: Insufficient Data

Other Names

Gaelic: Calman-cathaidh Welsh: Copog
Danish: Hærfugl Dutch: Hop
Finnish: Harjalintu French: Huppe fasciée
German: Wiedehopf Hungarian: Búbos banka
Icelandic: Herfugl Irish: Húpú
Italian: Upupa Norwegian: Hærfugl
Polish: Dudek zwyczajny Portuguese: Poupa
Spanish: Abubilla Swedish: Härfågel

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