Green Woodpecker Picus viridis   [Linnaeus, 1758]

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Order: Piciformes Family: Picidae
BTO Codes: G., GREWO EURING No: 8560
Number in Britain: 52 thousand Pairs (Summer)
Conservation Status:
UK: AMBER
European: 2 Concern, most in Europe; Depleted
Global: (Details)
Status in UK: (A)  Resident Breeder
Subspecies: viridis recorded in Britain (of 4 subsp. in the world)
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Length: 32 cm Wingspan: 41 cm Weight: M/F: 190 g    
Scientific name from: Gr.: pikos=a woodpecker and L.: viridis=green
World Distribution: Europe, sw Asia, nw Africa
Habitat: Deciduous & mixed forest edge, woodlands
Diet: Mostly ants taken from nests. Largely hunts on ground
TitBit: The tongue of the Green Woodpecker is so long (10cm) it has to be curled round its skull. The tongue, which is armed with barbs at the end is used for extracting ants.  
Identification Tips:
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Crossley ID photos

Population and Distribution

Population Trend: BirdTrends   
Regional Trends: Wales   England   English Regions
Distribution: Atlas Mapstore    BBS Maps
British Population Size:
    Summer: 52 thousand Pairs in 2009
    First Record: Recorded in Anglo-Saxon times
    Latest Survey: Newson, S.E. et al. (2008) Journal of Applied Ecology 45:1330-1338
    Conservation Status: AMBER because Species of European Concern,
   Previous Assessments: 2002-2007 AMBER     1996-2001 AMBER  
   Races of Concern: viridis AMBER (European Concern)
Habitat Occupancy (in the Breeding Season):
    Most frequent in: Deciduous Wood
    And found in: Scrub, Villages
Relative Frequency in Each Habitat:
European Population Size:
    Summer: 270 thousand to 1.2 million pairs   (Trend in Numbers)
Population Assesment from Birds in Europe
Distribution in Europe mapped by the EBCC Atlas
Listed on the Appendices/Schedules of: Bern(III)
Survey Results: Results from BirdTrack

Breeding and Survival

Egg Size: 31 x 23 mm Egg Weight: 8.9 g (of which 7 % is shell)
Number of Nest Records: 14   (more would be welcome!)
Clutch Size: 4 - 6 eggs 4.93 ± 1.13 (2 - 7) N = 29
Incubation: 19- 20 days 18.84 ± 0.75 (18.5 - 20) N = 29   by the: Male + Female
Fledging: 21 - 24days 22.25 ± 2.95 (17 - 27.5) N = 113 as: Altricial, naked
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Nest Record Scheme data
First Clutches Laid: Unavailable
Number of Broods: 1
See trends in Breeding Productivity
Number Ringed: Annual Totals
Adult Survival: No data
Juvenile Survival: No data
Age at First Breeding: 1 year Typical Lifespan: No data
Maximum Recorded Age: 15 years 0 months 8 days (set in 1985)
Read a summary of Ringing Recoveries

Biometrics

Ring Size: D
Wing Length Adult: 163.5 ± 3.6 Range 158 - 169 mm, N =522
Juvenile: 161.1 ± 3.9 155 - 167 mm, N =480
Male: 163.0 ± 3.8 158 - 168 mm, N =267
Female: 164.1 ± 3.4 159 - 169 mm, N =250
Weight Adult: 188.9 ± 11.49 Range 171.0 - 206.0 g , N =439
Juvenile: 180.8 ± 14.67 156.0 - 204.0 g , N =394
Male: 188.0 ± 11.28 170.0 - 204.0 g , N =226
Female: 189.7 ± 11.75 171.0 - 209.0 g , N =209
Source:
British Trust for Ornithology (2005) Ringing Scheme data

Other Names

European Green Woodpecker
Gaelic: Lasair-choille Welsh: Cnocell Werdd
Danish: Grønspætte Dutch: Groene specht
Finnish: Vihertikka French: Pic vert
German: Grünspecht Hungarian: Zöld küllo
Icelandic: Grænspæta Irish: Cnagaire Glas
Italian: Picchio verde Norwegian: Grønnspett
Polish: Dzieciol zielony Portuguese: Peto-verde
Spanish: Pito real Swedish: Gröngöling
Local Names: Yaffle, Pick-a-Tree, Rainfowl
Collective Noun:Descent

For More Information...

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